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About Sunderban

SOME INTERESTING FACTS

 

  • 1977  -  Declared a Wild Life Sanctuary.
  • 1984  -  Granted status of a National Park.
  • 1985  -  UNESCO declares Sunderban National Park a World Heritage Site.

Sunderban National Park is the largest tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world. This large estuarine forest situated on the lower end of Gangetic West Bengal is fed by three mighty rivers, the Ganges, the Brahmaputra and the Meghna intersected by hundreds of channels and creeks.

A truly undiscovered paradise Sunderbans National Park is home to an amazing diversity of flora and fauna. Sunderban literally meaning BEAUTIFUL FOREST gets its name from the Sundari Tree (heritiera littoralis) which is found in vast numbers lining the deltaic archipelago. A total of 334 plant species consisting of Sundari, Hetal and Gewa occur prominently with scattered distribution of Dhudul and Kankra trees.

FAUNA:
In this vast saline expanse, the undisputable king is the mighty Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera Tigris Tigris). As you wait anxiously with bated breath to catch a glimpse of the elusive tiger, you will spot Fishing Cats, Macaques, Wild Boars, Common Gray Mongoose, Fox, Jungle Cats, Flying Fox, Pangolin, Monitor Lizard and Chital (Spotted Deer).

AVI FAUNA:
Sunderbans National Park is home to a vast variety of resident and migratory birds. As you cruise through the narrow creeks, you will spot Brahminy Kites, Babblers, Brown Winged Kingfisher, Black Tailed Godwits, Common Snipes, Coots, Caspian Terns, Common Kingfishers, Common Mynahs, Cormorants, Cotton Teals, Curlews, Eastern Knots, Falcated Teal, Fishing Eagles, Green Pigeons, Golden Plovers, Gray Herons, Herring Gulls, Jungle Babblers, Jungle Crows, Little Stints, Large Egrets, Open Billed Storks, Pariah Kites, Pintails, Peregrine Falcons, Pheasant Tailed Jacanas, Paradise Flycatchers, Rose Ringed Parakeets, Red Jungle Fowls, Spotted Billed Pelicans, Spotted Woodpeckers, Spotted Doves, Whistling Ducks, White Eye Pochards, Whimprels, Water Hens, White Ibis, Whistling Teals and White Bellied Sea Eagles.

REPTILES AND AQUA FAUNA:
Commonly found are Butter Fish, Electric Rays, Common Carp, Hermit Crab, Idler Crabs, Prawns, Star Fish, Silver Carp, Gangetic Dolphin, Skipping Frogs, Common Toad and Tree Frogs. The abundance of reptiles is amazing. Commonly seen are Olive Ridley Turtles, Green Turtles, Hawks Bill Turtle, Gharial, Estuarines Crocodile, Mugger Crocodile, Gangetic Dolphin, Salvator Lizard, Monitor Lizaed, Hard Shelled Batgun Terrapins, Moose Geccos, Chequered Killbacks, Chameleons, Curviers, Sea Snakes, Dog Faced Water Snakes, Pythons, Common Krait, Rat Snake, King Cobra and Russels Viper. Some of the resident species vying for attention are Flap Shelled Turtle, Peacock Soft-Shelled Turtle, Yellow Monitor, Water Monitor and Indian Python.